Nigeria is blessed naturally with abundant mineral and human resources. It has huge deposits of minerals such as gold, crude oil, uranium, gypsum, milestones. etc.
Talking about the crude oil deposit in Nigeria, Nigeria produces more than 2.5 million barrels per day. This makes Nigeria the largest oil producing state in Africa and 6th in the world.
However, not all the states in Nigeria produces oil, there are about 10 states in Nigeria that has oil deposit in its territory. These areas makes up of about 7.5% of the total land mass of Nigeria.
Also note that Nigeria export its crude oil to India, Spain, South Africa, China, United states, Belgium and Luxembourg.
Here, let’s talk about the states in Nigeria that has oil in its domain.
Akwa Ibom State
Akwa ibom was created in 1987, and it is located at the south-south geographical zone of Nigeria .It is the highest oil-and-gas producing state in the country. Uyo, is the capital city of Akwa ibom, beautiful and fondly called the most beautiful city in Nigeria. The three major ethnic groups in Akwa ibom are the Annang, Oron, Ibibio. Akwa ibom population is estimated at 5 million people. Other mineral resources that can be found in this state are Limestone, salt glass, clay, coal, etc
2 Delta State
The state was created in 1991; Delta state has 25 local government areas. Delta state is oil rich state, located at the South- South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. delta is ranked the second oil producing state. The main ethnic groups in this state are the Urhobos, the Isokos, and the Itsekiris. The state also has other mineral resources such as iron-ore, lignite, gypsum, kaolin, glass sand, marble etc
3. Rivers state
Rivers is one of the oil rich states in Nigeria; the capital city is Port-Harcourt and has 23 local government areas. It is also located at the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The major ethnic groups are the Ogoni, Ikwere, Abua, Ekpeye, Ibani, Opobo, Eleme, Okirika etc. Other significant deposits are Marble, glass sand, lignite and clay.
4. Bayelsa State
Bayelsa was created in 1996, has 8 local government areas. It is located at the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. As one of the oil producing states in the country, other mineral resources found here is zinc, lignite, gypsum, clay, manganese, uranium, limestone, etc. Notable ethnic groups in the state are Epie-Atissa, Izon, Ogbia and Nembe.
5. Ondo State
It is a state in the South-West geopolitical zone, it has 18 local government areas and its capital city is Akure. It is one of the oil producing states in Nigeria and other natural resources in this state are kaolin, dimension stones, gemstone, glass sand, granite, gypsum, clay, feldspar, limestone, bitumen, etc.
6. Lagos State
It is the smallest state in Nigeria by land mass, Lagos is one of the oil producing states in Nigeria, and its capital is in Ikeja. Lagos is located at the South-West geopolitical zone. Other mineral resources in the state are bitumen, glass sand, clay etc.
7. Edo State
Edo is one of the oil producing states in Nigeria, its capital is Benin, located at the South-South geopolitical zone. Other mineral resources found here are iron-ore, bitumen, glass sand, marble, limestone, dolomite, phosphate, gold etc.
8. Imo State
This state was created in 1976, its capital city is Owerri. It is one of the oil producing states located in the South-East geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Other notable mineral resources in this state are zinc, calcium carbonate, lead, natural gas. The major cities in this state are Okigwe, Orlu, Oguta, Mbaise, Obowo.
9. Abia State
This state is in the South-Eastern Nigeria, it is one of the oil producing states in Nigeria. Created in 1991, it has 17 local government areas. Other mineral resources found in this state are Gold, zinc, salt, and limestone.
10. Anambra State
This state is one of the South Eastern states that have oil in its territory. Major cities are Onitsha, Awka, Nnewi, Okpoko, etc. other mineral resources found in this state are limestone, salt, glass sand, iron-ore, phosphate, zinc etc.
In conclusion, the black gold found in Nigeria is so enormous that it drives the country’s economy. Adequate measures should be taken to make sure that it is maintained and managed well for the well being of all Nigerians.